Climate of India
The principal area of the territory of India ( * do i need a visa to go to india) is within the sub equatorial zone. The key feature of this region is tropical monsoons. Summer monsoon from the Indian Ocean provides down pours to India. They intensify in early June on the western coast and in mid-June on the east coast. When passing over the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, the monsoons are saturating with moisture and move around in a northwest way.
Rising above the Western Ghats and Assam Mountains, monsoons move at a speed of 5-7 m/s, causing heavy rainfall. Thunder storms fall on the hills of the mountains in June. However later they calm down, and during the period from late September to mid-October rain falls generally, stop. From November to March, the dry northeastern monsoon blows from the land side. It makes the weather cold and sun-drenched.
Based on data on thermal conditions, precipitation, and winds, we can divide the calendar year in to three main weather seasons.
In November – February, once the northeastern monsoon rules, it is cold and sunshiny. In March, the temperature gradually increases.The dry season lasts from the end of March to June. By the end of June, the humidity goes up. As well as the climate of Indian plains becomes rainy.The period from July to mid-September is the summer monsoon time. It is a moment of wet tropical weather. The south-westerly winds combine with high temperatures.October is a transitional period. The air humidity is high because of evaporation through the surface of the fields. Nevertheless the rains stop.
There are actually differences in temperature as well as weather in several areas of India. The nation covers a large area, and every region has another terrain. Hence, in the Thardesert, the annual precipitation doesn’t go over 100 mm. At Cherapun jistation in the Khashi Mountains, it is up to 10 770 mm of rainfall per year. It is one of the wettest places on Earth.
The monsoon climate is characteristic of the coast of the Arabian Sea. The coldest time is from December to February. Simultaneously, there is much less rain. The hottest period is from May to June. However even high temperatures are tolerated very easily since the air is dry, relative humidity, even in the morning, doesn’t surpass 60%. Winds raise clouds of dust and also change the horizon a dirty yellow.
The onset of the monsoon in June starts off with the greater wind and cloud cover. The time can last until September. Throughout most times of the month, it rains frequently and lightly. The monthly rainfall in the wettest month – July is much greater than 600 mm. Cloudy weather minimizes the temperature by 3-5 degrees.
In the hills of the Himalayas, the climate depends on the height above sea level. Soat altitudes from 1500 to 2300 meters, from December to February, the average minimal temp is from 0 to -3C (25 to 32F), and also the average maximum temperature is +4 to +8C (40 to 45F).
The hottest time of the year continues from June to August: the average minimum temperatureis +14 to +18C (55 to 65F), the average optimum temperatureis +29 to +30C (84 to 86F). The summer monsoon doesn’t appear here. The smallest amount of rainfall is from September to November (25-35 mm per month), the highest in March (about 100 mm). As you will see, the weather of India varies greatly depending on the area, its distance from the Ocean, as well as its altitude. We could not compare Himalayan weather to other portions of India. These mountain tops are really high and also have a unique weather.
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